Antibacterial activity of lupeol from the bark of Dehaasia cuneate (Lauraceae)

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Andi Rifki Rosandy
Sumail Sidik Ode Ishak
Noor Aziiraa Sabri
Wan Yaacob Wan Ahmad
Laode Muhammad Ramadhan Al Muqarrabun


Dehaasia cuneata, locally known in Malaysia as ‘gajus hutan or pekan’, belongs to family Lauraceae. From its bark, A triterpenoid, lupeol was isolated and characterized. The chemical structure of the isolated compound was determined using spectroscopic methods, such as UV–vis, FT-IR, 1D & 2D-NMR, and ESIMS spectrometer. The isolated compound was tested against Gram-negative and positive bacteria using agar disc diffusion technique. The results showed that lupeol had a moderate inhibition zone value of 10.0±0.00 mm against Gram-negative Serratia marcescens ATCC 14756 whereas low inhibition which is 7.0±0.00 mm against Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Vibrio fluvialis ATCC 33809, Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633, and Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) ATCC 43300.

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